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Cookie policy

Vanguard Asset Management, Limited ("we" or "us") uses cookies on the website

This cookie policy provides you with detailed information about the types of cookies we use and the purposes for using those cookies. This policy does not govern the use of our websites for The Vanguard Group’s U.S. investors. To review the privacy policy that applies to U.S. customers of Vanguard, please click on the following link: US privacy policy.

What is a cookie?

A cookie is a small file of letters and numbers that is stored on your computer, tablet, mobile phone, or other device when you visit a website. Cookies contain information that is transferred to your computer's hard driveor read on your device and allow websites to recognize devices and store certain information, such as user preferences. Cookies are used to distinguish you from other users of our website. This helps us to provide you with a good experience when you browse our website and also allows us to improve our site.

We use session cookies, which link your actions during a particular browser session and expire at the end of that session, as well as persistent cookies, which remain on your device and allow us to remember your actions or preferences across multiple browser sessions. Cookies contain information that is transferred to your computer's hard drive.

What cookies do we use and why?

The cookies used on our site are categorized as follows:

Strictly Necessary

'Strictly Necessary' cookies let you enter and move around the website and use essential features. Without these cookies, services and information you have asked for cannot be provided. We use these Strictly Necessary cookies primarily to identify you as having confirmed your eligibility to enter and use our website, and to make sure you connect to the right service on our website when we make any changes to the way the website works. Accepting these cookies is a condition of using the website, so if you prevent these cookies, we can not guarantee your use of our website or how the security on our website will perform during your visit.


 'Performance' cookies collect information about how you use our website, such as which pages you visit and any errors you experience. These cookies are used to help us improve how our website works and understand what interests our users. We use Performance cookies for:

  • analytics, to provide a variety of statistics on how our website is used;
  • error management, to help us improve the website by measuring any errors that occur;
  • design testing, to test different designs of our website to improve the users’ experience; and
  • website analytics, which enable us to collect, either directly or through third-party service providers, certain technical and navigational information, such as computer browser type, internet protocol (IP) address, pages visited, date and time of your visit, and average time spent on our website. This information may be used, for example, to alert you to software compatibility issues or to resolve technical or service problems. We also analyze this information, with the assistance of our service providers, to improve our web design and functionality, to enhance our ability to serve you and your accounts, and to tailor our communications to you regarding our products and services.

Some of our Performance cookies are managed for us by third parties. However, we do not allow the third party to use the cookies for any purpose other than those listed above.


'Functionality' cookies help to provide services or to remember settings to improve your visit. We use Functionality cookies primarily to identify whether and when you’ve visited our site previously. Some of these cookies are managed for us by third parties, but we don't allow the third party to use the cookies for any purpose other than those listed above.


‘Targeting’ cookies permit us – through our third party service providers - to identify whether and when you have seen or clicked on a particular Vanguard advertisement on a third party site, as well as enabling us to target our advertising to you on other sites after you have visited our website. We may use third-party service providers to place advertisements for us on other websites, and to help us measure brand awareness and the effectiveness of our online advertising. These service providers may use cookies to collect limited technical, web navigation, and other information, such as the advertisement presented, your operating system and browser type, the webpage from which you linked to our site (if any), and pages visited or generated on our site. We and our service providers may use data collected on this site or when you open e-mails from Vanguard, together with other information we have about you and your Vanguard relationships, to serve ads to you on other sites as you browse the web. We do not provide any personally identifiable information about our users or clients to these service providers, and they do not collect such information for us. All information collected on our website is used exclusively by Vanguard, or by our service providers on our behalf, and is not shared with unaffiliated third parties.

For more information on advertising-related cookies and how to opt out of them, please visit the Internet Advertising Bureau guide to online behavioural advertising at

How to withdraw your consent or delete or block our cookies

The Help feature on most web browsers will tell you how to prevent your browser from accepting new cookies, how to receive notice when a new cookie is set, and how to disable cookies altogether.

If you change the settings on your web browser, you will be presented with the consent option again the next time you visit our website.

Unless you have adjusted your browser setting so that it will refuse cookies, Vanguard Asset Management, Limited's system will issue cookies when you visit this website.

For further information about deleting or blocking cookies, please visit:*When you click on this link you are leaving the present website to a third-party website.

For further information about this policy, please contact Vanguard Asset Management, Limited at or contact at CACEIS Belgium SA, Avenue du Port 86C b 320, B-1000 [Brussels need email address].

Issued by Vanguard Asset Management, Limited which is authorised and regulated in the UK by the Financial Conduct Authority.

© Vanguard Asset Management, Limited.